THE HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

It is estimated that 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 men will experience physical violence from their partner. Besides the physical injuries that someone can suffer from, there are short-term and long-term health issues related to domestic violence as well. Below are some health consequences for both men and women.

What are some common physical health effects of domestic violence?

Bruises

Migraines or headaches

Broken and sprained bones

Traumatic Brain Injury

Asthma

High Blood Pressure

Eye injuries

Gastrointestinal Disorders or Issues

Substance use

 

What are some sexual or reproductive health effects of domestic violence?

Miscarriages

STIs/HIV/AIDS or Over-testing for STIs/HIV/AIDS

Unintended pregnancies

Infections

Bleeding or anemia during pregnancy

Premature birth

Low birth weight of infant

Keeping you from having access to birth control

Refusing to use condoms during sex

 

What are some emotional effects of domestic violence?

Anxiety

Depression/Post-Partum Depression

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Suicidal behavior

Low self-esteem

Inability to trust others, especially in intimate relationships

Emotional detachment

Sleep disturbances

Flashbacks

 

Your doctor should be screening for violence in the home. Even if you are not asked - be sure to tell your medical provider any concerns you have. Our environment affects our health and the sooner you get connected to someone who can help, the sooner your health can improve. 

 

Strangulation

Strangulation, often called “choking”, is when someone keeps another from breathing or getting oxygen to the brain, sometimes resulting in loss of consciousness or death. This can happen when someone places pressure on someone’s neck by either using their hands, clothing, or something else that can be wrapped around the neck. Sometimes, the person will also sit on the person’s chest or will suffocate them by placing their hand or an object over their mouth and/or nose. 

If you have been strangled, this is very serious and the need for medical care is urgent. It is important that you go to your nearest Emergency Room or doctor and tell them you were strangled. 

 

Some signs and symptoms to be aware of include:

Loss of memory after the incident or not being able to remember what happened

Head or scalp pain

Neck pain

Throat soreness

Ringing in the ears

Seeing stars or losing hearing during the incident 

Loss of bladder or bowel control or realizing that your clothing is wet or soiled

Redness or bruising around the neck and chin

Red dots, called petechiae, around the face, in the mouth, or in the whites of the eyes

Voice changes

 

GET HELP

ESSEX COUNTY FAMILY JUSTICE CENTER  Leroy F. Smith Jr. Public Safety Building, 60 Nelson Place, 2nd Floor, Newark, NJ 07102, 973-230-7229

Services available Monday through Friday 8:30am-4:30pm NO APPOINTMENT NECESSARY

Easily accessible via public transportation. Click here for directions to the center.

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If you are in danger, call 911 or the U.S. National Domestic Violence Hotline: 1-800-799-7233 TTY 1-800-787-3224

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